“O you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.” – Qur’an 2: 183
The Fiqh Council of North America (FCNA) recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’ia (Islamic Law) method for determining the beginning of lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses Makkah al-Mukarram (the holiest meeting site in Mecca of the Islamic religion) as a conventional point and takes the position that the conjunction must take place before sunset in Makkah (Mecca) and the moon must set after sunset in Makkah (Mecca).
On the basis of this method the dates of Ramadan and Eid ul-Fitr for the year 1430 AH* are established as follows: *AH dedsignates the Latin anno Hegirae (in the year of the Hijra*). *Hijra is the emigration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to the city of Medina in 622 CE, marking the first year of the Islamic calendar, 1 AH (anno Hegirae).
1st of Ramadan will be on Saturday, August 22, 2009.
1st of Shawwal will be on Sunday, September 20, 2009.
Ramadan 1430 AH: The astronomical
is on Thursday, August 20, 2009 at 10:01 Universal Time (1:01 pm Makkah time). Sunset at Makkah on August 20 is at 6:47 pm local time, while moonset at Makkah is at 6:46 pm local time (1 minute before sunset). Therefore the following day Friday, August 21, 2009 is not the 1st day of Ramadan. First day of Ramadan is Saturday, August 22. First Tarawih prayer will be on Friday night.
Eid ul-Fitr 1430 AH: The astronomical
is on Friday, September 18, 2009, at 18:44 Universal Time (9:44 pm Makkah time). On Saturday, September 19, 2009, sunset at Makkah is 6:20 pm local time, while moonset is at 6:36 pm local time. Therefore, first day of Shawwal, i.e., Eid ul-Fitr is Sunday, September 20.