BRONXVILLE, NY — March 22, 2019 — As the Village discusses a sustainability plan in the context of our Comprehensive Plan rollout, in one aspect we are being thwarted by events far beyond our control. It is China’s decision to no longer provide a market for our recycled paper and plastic which has already had a major trickle-down effect.
After decades of public information campaigns, Americans were finally recycling – our Village took on the cause in earnest and yearly we are one of the top three communities in the county, along with Scarsdale and Bedford, in the percentage of waste vs recycled materials.
But quite honestly, now much of that carefully sorted recycling nationwide is ending up in comingled trash. Waste management companies across the country are communicating that there is no longer a market for our recyclables. As a result, municipalities are left with two choices: pay much higher rates to get rid of recyclables or throw it all away.
In a recent article in The Atlantic, the city manager of Franklin, New Hampshire said, “We are doing our best to be environmentally responsible, but we can’t afford it.” When recycling first began in Franklin, they could break even by reselling at $6 per ton. Now the transfer station is charging the town $125 a ton to recycle or $68 a ton to incinerate. The incineration process has the added negative of releasing toxins into the air.
It is a nationwide problem. Broadway, Virginia started recycling 22 years ago but suspended the entire program when costs went up by 63 percent. Communities trying to wait it out no longer have space to store mounds of recyclables in a healthy, environmentally friendly way. Philadelphia, one of our major cities, is now burning about half of its 1.5 million residents’ cycling material in an incinerator that converts waste to energy.
On the Village level, we collect and dispose of approximately 2,150 tons of refuse at $28.87 per ton or $62,000 a year. The waste as well as the recyclables are sent to the County’s dual refuse station on the Thruway entrance near Stew Leonard’s.
We also pay for the increased cost of recycling via a County tax levied through the Town of Eastchester tax bill. On our labor cost level, it takes eight Public Works employees to complete the task every Wednesday which includes two staffers moved from the highway/road crews every week.
This feared “end” of recycling comes at a time when the United States is creating a record amount of waste. In 2015, the last year with verifiable data, Americans generated 262.4 million tons of waste, up 4.5 percent from 2010 and up 60 percent from 1985. This equates to nearly five pounds per person per day. Close to home, New York City collected 934 tons of metal, plastic and glass a day from residents last year, a whopping 33 percent increase in just five years.
Quite simply it is now just cheaper to throw away an old, used or broken product. I am old enough to remember having our toaster fixed at the local appliance shop, now a non-existent trade.
But the true cost extends far beyond the Costco “bargain” price of replacement. When waste with an organic component sits in a landfill, it decomposes emitting methane. Burning plastics create some energy but also produce carbon emissions and many incineration facilities release more mercury and lead than do coal plants.
What do we do?
Even at our best, Americans were generally terrible at recycling. About 25 percent of what ends up in the blue bins is actually contaminated – wire hangers mixed with pizza boxes mixed with unwashed, congealed ketchup bottles. Sadly, the current economic environment makes it cost prohibitive to “clean” recyclables. Some companies are now charging additional “contamination” fees further adding to the overall costs. As a mayor said in The Atlantic article, “At what point do you feel like you’re spending more money than what it takes for people to feel good about recycling?”
Across Memphis, large commercial enterprises have had to stop recycling because of contamination problems. But the Memphis airport is keeping its recycling bins in place to preserve “the culture” of recycling among passengers and employees.
Right now, it is cheaper for most American manufacturing companies to use new, rather than recycled supplies. It is only pennies difference but they add up when millions of items are produced.
Bottom line, the best way to fix recycling is to buy less. The City of San Francisco, a leader in environmental initiatives, began an ad campaign to add a fourth “R” – reduce, reuse, recycle – and “refuse.” Top on their list are the proliferation plastic bottles and straws. The city recently passed an ordinance requiring that 10 percent of all beverages sold be available in reusable containers.
Behemoth Amazon is trying to reduce waste by mailing products in the new blue and white plastic envelopes, but they, too, have proven hard to recycle.
Sadly no one has yet to find the “answer” but perhaps the best solution – most logical and obvious one – think before making a purchase.
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Mary C. Marvin is the mayor of the Village of Bronxville, New York. Share your thoughts by directing email to firstname.lastname@example.org