WESTCHESTER COUNTY, NY — June 4, 2019 — Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Ramadan began on Monday, May 06, 2019 and ends in the evening of Tuesday, June 04, 2019. This is the month in which the Quran was revealed, when Archangel Gabriel (Jibreel in Arabic) appeared to the Prophet Muhammad and began revealing the verses of the Quran and continued to do so for 23 years. During this period, fasting constitutes one of the five pillars of Islam (which include declaring there is no god except God, praying five times a day, giving to the poor and needy, and pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime).
Fasting in the month of Ramadan demands abstinence from food, evil conduct and actions, thoughts and words. Ramadan is also a time for spiritual reflection and devoting oneself to worship and pray to Allah. After Ramadan is over, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr, also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, an important religious holiday. Eid is a single day during which Muslims are not permitted to fast since it celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. In the Gregorian calendar Eid al-Fitr falls on Tuesday, June 4, 2019.